1292 Scotland's has a new king.

1292 Scotland's new king John Balliol, known Toom Tabard, ("empty suit") is crowned in the Grand Hall at Berwick Castle.

1558 England first female Tudor ruler Queen Mary ('Bloody Mary'), daughter of Henry VIII, dies of influenza in London.

1603 English privateer, explorer, writer and courtier Sir Walter Raleigh goes on trial falsely accused of treason.

1685 Canadian explorer Pierre Gaultier de Varennes, first European to reach North Dakota, was born in Trois-Rivières.

1810 Anglo-Swedish War is started, no fighting ever takes place as the war existed only on paper.

1814 Irish Confederate general in the American Civil War, Joseph Finnegan, was born in Clones, Co. Monaghan.

1855 Scottish missionary and African explorer, David Livingstone becomes the first European to see the Victoria Falls.

1858 Welsh social reformer, Robert Owen, founder of utopian socialism and coop movement dies in Montgomeryshire.

1869 English cyclist James Moore won the first 83 miles cycle road race from Paris to Rouen.

1880 The first three women to graduate in Britain received their Bachelor of Arts degrees at London University.

1882 London's Royal Astronomer at Greenwich Observatory, sees unidentified bright green circular flying object in the sky!

1887 British Field Marshal Montgomery, Allied commander in WWII, nicknamed "Monty" was born in Kennington, London.

1919 King George V proclaims this day as Armistice Day (later Remembrance Day).

1922 Scotland elects J T Walton-Newbold to represent Motherwell; he is the first British Parliament Communist Member.

1927 England's 1st lady of double entendre, Fenella Fielding, known for her distinctively husky voice, was born in London.

1930 Ireland's Hospital Sweepstakes is draw for the first time; with three Belfast men share a prize of £208,792

1937 English actor, Peter Cook, satirist, comedian and longtime friend of Duddly Moore, was born in Torquay, Devon.

1938 Canadian singer Gordon Lightfoot, international folk, folk-rock, and country music artist, was born in Orillia, Canada.

1952 Welsh fashion designer, David Emanuel, who designed Princess Diana's wedding dress, was born in Bridgend.

1953 Irish government evacuated the last remaining human inhabitants of the Blasket Islands, to the mainland Kerry.

1955 Welsh Island county of Anglesey is the first to introduce fluoride into the public water supply.

1957 British European Airways, Vickers Viscount crashes at Ballerup, after three of its engines fail due to ice.

1959 Scottish airports, of Prestwick and Renfrew, became the first to offer duty free goods in Britain.

1968 British European Airways introduces the BAC One-Eleven into commercial service.

1970 London’s newspaper the Sun, infamously began featuring topless models on page 3, Stephanie Rahn was the 1st.

1979 Australian city of Brisbane begins to electrify its suburban railway, with the first stage from Ferny Grove to Darra.

1980 Canadian Clifford Robert Olson murders 11 children. He pleads guilty and is given 11 concurrent life sentences.

1999 Irish cars owners will receive notification in the post for inspection under the new National Car Test.

2012 English crime fiction writer, Margaret Yorke, author of five Patrick Grant books, dies in Buckinghamshire.

2014 Scotland’s first female First Minister Nicola Sturgeon, replaces Alex Salmond after his final parliamentary speech.

0000 (Unless otherwise indicated, all illustrations are courtesy of Wikipedia)

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