150 British forces defended Rorke’s Drift, against 4,000 Zulus.
1552
England’s parliament makes the Common Book of Prayers 2nd version, mandatory for all churches.

1570
Scottish regent for the infant King James VI is assassinated by a firearm; this is the first recorded gunshot killing.
 
1571
Queen Elizabeth, I open The Royal Exchange, founded by Sir Thomas Gresham, as a meeting house for Bankers.
 
1622
English explorer and navigator, William Baffin, who discovered Baffin Bay, dies of gunshot wounds in Ormus, Iran.
 
1643
England’s Cromwellian roundheads led by their commander-in-chief, Sir Thomas Fairfax, take the city of Leeds.
 
1647
Scottish Presbyterians sell captured Charles I to English parliament; he is convicted and executed for high treason.
 
1713
Britain, by The Treaty of Utrecht at the end of the War of Spanish Succession, takes control of Gibraltar and Minorca.
 
1774
Irelands former MP for Carrick, Dudley Cosby, after failing to shoot himself, commits suicide by taking Danish poison.
 
1775
London merchants petitioned Parliament for financial hardship relief, caused by stopped trade with American colonies.
 
1803
Irelands founder of the world-renowned Guinness brewery in Dublin, Arthur Guinness, dies in London.
 
1841
British navigator James Weddell conducted the first deep ocean-sounding recorded depth of up to 2200 fathoms.
 
1849
English-born Elizabeth Blackwell, become the first woman doctor to graduate from a New York medical school.
 
1875
English historian and novelist, the reverent Charles Kingsley, author of "The Water Babies", died in Devon.
 
1879
Welsh regiment and colonial forces, defending Rorke’s drift against 4,000 Zulus warriors, receive 11 Victoria crosses.
 
1881
Irish trade unionist and Labour politician, William O'Brien, is born near Clonakilty, County, Cork.
 
1897
Canadian spymaster, William Stephenson, senior representative of British intelligence in WW. II was born in Winnipeg.
 
1898
Irish nationalist electoral organization, called The United Irish League, is founded by William O'Brien in Dublin.
 
1900
British troops during the Second Boer War are defeated at the Battle of Spion Kop by Orange Free State Boer forces.
 
1909
Britain's liner RMS Republic is the first ship to use the CQD distress signal after colliding with SS Florida, in USA waters.
 
1941
Canada's only German prisoner of war to escape back to Germany, Franz von Werra, dies the following year in action.
 
1955
England's express train from York to Bristol is derailed at Sutton Coalfield station, killing 14 and injuring dozens more.
 
1962
British spy Kim Philby, ex-MI5 high-ranking intelligence officer, fails to meet his wife in Beirut, and defects to USSR.
 
1969
English rock and roll band Cream releases their last album "Goodbye".
 
1970
Irish media personality, Brendan O'Connor, presenter of The Saturday Night Show on RTÉ, was born in Cork.
 
1972
Canada’s Soviet consulate in Montreal is firebombed by Terrorists, but they cause only minor damage to the building.
 
1985
Britain's House of Lords debates are televised for the first time.
 
1989
Britain now requires fuel prices to be displayed by the liter only, not by the gallon.
 
2000
Irish gather on the streets in West Belfast in memory of Tom Williams, who was hanged for the murder of an RUC man.
 
2001
Irish airport charges are among the cheapest in the world, the latest independent study of the sector has found
 
2003
Irish and British governments agreed to plans for an all-out push to restore the North’s power-sharing Executive.
 
2006
Canadian agricultural officials in Alberta confirm that a cow had tested positive for mad cow disease.
 
2022
English Staff and pupils in secondary schools and colleges will not be required to wear a face-covering in classrooms.
 
0000
(Unless otherwise indicated, all illustrations are courtesy of Wikipedia)
 

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