1317 Scotland Invades Ireland.

1317 Scottish forces invading Ireland led by Edward the Bruce, reaches Castleknock, within sight of Dublin.

1633 English naval administrator Samuel Pepys, considered the founder of the modern Royal Navy, was born in London.

1648 James II's mistress Arabella Churchill, the mother of four of his illegitimate children, was born in Devonshire.

1689 English pirate Samuel Bellamy, "Black Sam" Bellamy, one of wealthiest pirate in recorded history, was born in Devon.

1723 Welsh philosopher Richard Price, radical and political pamphleteer, was born in Tynton, Llangeinor, Glamorgan.

1732 London's Crown and Anchor Tavern, played Handel's new composition Oratorio, for his 47th birthday.

1739 English Highwayman Dick Turpin, is identified at York Castle, by his former schoolteacher, as Richard Palmer.

1792 English portrait painter Sir Joshua Reynolds, the first President of the Royal Academy, dies in London (Aged 68)

1820 Britain's police foil the Cato Street Conspirators plot to kill Cabinet ministers, 5 are hanged, 6 deported to Australia?

1821 English Romantic poet John Keats, at twenty-five years of age died impoverished in Rome.

1838 Canadian rebels and American republican sympathizers occupy Fighting Island in the Detroit River.

1840 English author Frederick Wicks, inventor of the Wicks Rotary Typecasting Machine, was born in Stockwell, Surrey.

1863 British explorers John Speke and J.A. Grant, declare that the African Lake Victoria, to be the source of the River Nile.

1874 British Major Walter Clopton Wingfield patented an outdoor game he called ‘Sphairistike’, later known as lawn tennis

1886 London’s Times newspaper publishes the world’s first classified advertisement.

1893 Canada's Governor General Lord Stanley, Donates the Dominion Hockey Challenge Cup, (The Stanley Cup).

1900 British Inniskilling Fusiliers, trying to lift the Siege of Ladysmith lost 72% of their officers and 27% of their other ranks. 

1909 Canadian pilot John McCurdy, flies the AEA-designed Silver Dart, the first airplane flown in Canada by a Canadian.

1934 English composer Edward Elgar, who composed Pomp and Circumstance Marches, dies in Worcester.

1935 Irish playwright Thomas Murphy, best known for his portrayal of the working-class people in Tuam, was born there.

1943 Irish Catholic Orphanage of St Joseph's, in County Cavan catches fire, killing thirty-four children and one adult.

1948 Irish educator, John Gregg, inventor of the eponymous shorthand system Gregg Shorthand, dies in New York.

1953 British Government offers amnesty to World War II deserters, over 3000 deserted servicemen applied.

1963 Canada's, Réseau de résistance (RR) claims responsibility for Molotov cocktail thrown at the English radio station.

1965 English comic actor Stan Laurel, (Laurel & Hardy) from Cumbria, dies of a heart attack in Santa Monica, California.

1969 Canada’s first scheduled hovercraft service goes into service between Vancouver and Nanaimo British Columbia.

1971 English musician from the Beatles, guitarist George Harrison, is fined and his driving license is suspended for 1 year.

1982 British Coal ship the St Brenan at anchor in Irish Port of Derry, waiting to unload its cargo, is attacked and sunk.

1983 English actress Emily Olivia Leah Blunt, " The Devil Wears Prada, The Young Victoria', was born in London.

1995 English veterinary surgeon, James Herriot, author of “All Creatures Great and Small", dies in Thirlby, North Yorkshire.

1997 Scottish Scientists announced they succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly".

2002 Irish Guinness brewer, testing a new pouring system that will cut the time from 1 minute 59 seconds to 30 seconds.

2003 English actor Daniel Day-Lewis is named Best Actor for his role in Martin Scorsese’s epic Gangs of New York.

2013 England’s Westminster Cathedral, says prayers for Pope Benedict XVI the 1st to resign in 600 years.

0000 (Unless otherwise indicated, all illustrations are courtesy of Wikipedia) 

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