British Social News

 

12th July in History



 1812 Canada is invaded by American.

1295 Scotland's John Balliol and Philip IV of France form an alliance, the so-called "Auld Alliance", against England.
 
1489 Henry VII has issued the Tudor Rose, England’s 1st gold sovereign, at 23-carat (95.83%) gold weighing 240 grains.
 
1530 Scottish border raider John Armstrong and 50 of his men were hanged for blackmail at Carlanrig by King James V.
 
1596 English and Dutch Fleets under the leadership of the Earl of Essex sacked and burned the Spanish port of Cadiz
 
1608 Irelands last Gaelic Lord of Inishowen, Sir Cahir O'Doherty is shot by the English, and his head is displayed in Dublin
 
1790 Irelands starts its first mail coach service from Dublin to Waterford.
 
1805 English captain of Charles Darwin's famous discovery voyages on HMS Beagle, Robert Fitzroy was born in Suffolk.
 
1814 Irish Gen Phineas Riall leading British and Canada forces, are defeated at Chippewa by an invading American army.
 
1817 Britain's Royal Mints produces its first gold sovereign for over 200 hundred years.
 
1820 Scottish engineer and physicist William Rankine, noted for his work in thermodynamics, was born in Edinburgh.
 
1833 British Admiral Charles Napier defeats the Portuguese usurper Dom Miguel's fleet, at the Battle of Cape St. Vincent.
 
1838 Irelands Board of Trinity College decrees the establishment of a Chair of Irish Language.
 
1853 English colonialist Cecil John Rhodes, founder of Rhodesia (Zimbabwe), was born in Bishop's Stortford.
 
1862 Irish physician and poet, Richard D ‘Alton Williams, known as 'Shamrock' of the 'Nation,' died in Thibodavy, Louisiana.
 
1865 Britain Locomotives and Highways Act, reducing the speed limit on rural roads to 4 mph and 2 mph in urban areas.
 
1865 English revivalist preacher William Booth and his wife Catherine establish a Christian Mission in East end of London.
 
1880 Irish author George Bernard Shaw, at 23 quits his job at the Edison Telephone Co, to write reviews on art and music
 
1888 London's Bryant and May match factory, sacks girls for reveling bad working conditions, so all employees strike.
 
1930 Canadian daredevil George Stathakis dies plunging over Niagara Falls in a barrel, his accompanying turtle survives.
 
1841 English entrepreneur Thomas Cook, takes his first tour of 600 teetotalers from Leicester to a temperance meeting.
 
1940 Scotland’s sees the departure of a convoy of gold bullion worth 1,800 million pounds from the River Clyde to USA.
 
1942 British author and Naval Intelligence Officer Ian Fleming, graduates from a training school for spies in Canada.
 
1948 Britains National Health Service Acts created the national public health system of a "cradle to grave" welfare-state.
 
1969 English band The Rolling Stones gave a free concert in Hyde Park, London, it was attended by 250,000 people.
 
1975 English tennis player Arthur Ashe, is the first black man to win the Wimbledon men's singles championship.
 
1979 Queen Elizabeth II presided over the 1000th annual open-air sitting of the Isle of Man's Parliament, at Tynwald.
 
1981 British police are attacked in Liverpool by looting youths, who were damaging shops with petrol bombs and bricks.
 
1969 Scotland’s Roslin Institute near Edinburgh, clone Dolly the sheep, the first mammal cloned from an adult cell.
 
2002 Ireland according to a new EU survey has the lowest electricity costs in Europe, but highest gas rates.
 
2009 England’s largest hoard of Anglo-Saxon gold ever discovered is found near Hammerwich village, Staffordshire.
 
2012 London's tallest building is officially opened, it took 12 years to build, 309.6 meters tall and cost £1.5 billion.
 
2020 Britain's Prince Charles praises the National Health Service for its 72 years of service to the Nation.
 
2020 Britain lifting curfew, 44,356 dead, no curfew in America, !,557 dead dead this week total so far 134,830.
 
0000 (Unless otherwise indicated, all illustrations are courtesy of Wikipedia)
 


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